Shanxi Notes (f) – Last walls

Shanxi Notes (f) – the last of an ancient city walls , in fact, an ancient books, once the storm clouds quietly embedded between the lines, so that people standing near its sudden entrance of history, from the folds of time in read of the past and its vicissitudes. no matter what state of mind of tourists come to Pingyao ancient city wall once stood six hundred years after this Xingfeng snow and rain, staring, way back with, watch the time, approximately only one emotion: the sky above has not changed, at the foot of the land has not changed, but the change of the hustle and bustle of traveling, bustling crowd.Look down from the walls, plaster, like brick paved streets, the same gray walls and black tiles of the courtyard off, make you feel this is surrounded by a nearly 7-kilometer-long ancient city walls up, clearly is a town of ancient Chinese Ming and Qing Dynasties miniatures.Battlements still on the wall, in particular, forts, gates, turrets, watchtowers, bunkers and other protection, it is still the appearance of the year. original walls not a rare thing.However, thinking of the ancient city wall of Pingyao after a century of war, natural weathering, even more destructive than the war of the Great Leap Forward and the Cultural Revolution intense, but still surviving so far, what the people have a consternation ah. Pingyao ancient city wall have exact records of the building dating to Hongwu years.Then the walls no shape now complete, the main walls of rammed earth, experienced magistrate thirty times thicker solid training, wall to wall build, and build turrets, towers from its current size.Check the information, I see the following set of numbers: 10-meter high ancient city wall, top width of 3-6 meters, watch tower 71, 3000 multiple pile wall, with nearly 170 million tons of soil, brick 65,000,000.Behind these figures are countless flowing blood and tears and sweat builders.More than 6000 ten thousand embryos hit the wall, firing, carriage, then a piece Diego grading stack, which is also a modern view of how vast the project.Hardships and long ancient city in the region now called kilns still a street names remind me of manpower and resources are spent for the construction of the walls of the vast and fired bricks.Walk along the city walls, gray earth walls swayed afternoon sun, whole body reveals an ancient atmosphere.Tour guide pointed to a tower in the distance, we begin LUO verse: mountains and rivers Trinidad map, Que Nine city gates.Imperial Palace is not strong concept, know that the world respect.I wonder if the concept does not change after the two Pingyao city, know that the statue of the ancient walls may be more appropriate. Chinese, including urban and city walls of double semantics.Construction of the walls not only strengthened the city’s defenses, but also portray a specific area on the geographic location.A populated place, no matter how prosperous and prosperity, if not determine the scope of its walls, and it surrounds it, this place can only be regarded as a general sense of the city, not the city.Like Shanghai, this evolved from a small fishing village neighborhoods or large commercial port, we can only call it Shanghai, instead of Shanghai City.In fact, before the founding of New China, more than 1,400 county administrative exact establishment, there must be the county town, the walls of the city shall have.In China, almost no city walls is not.Dr. Joseph Needham had this passage in his “History of Chinese Civilization” in: When you arrive at a Chinese town, you notice the first scene is built around the original thick walls of residential areas.These walls look like the famous section of the Great Wall of China, the above observation tower, faintly visible protective shelter.That is, until the war, the Chinese towns walls, is still curing people’s eyes a horizon, a landscape without a break.It is this round after round, thick layers of walls, constitute the historical architecture of each city, which is flowing in these cities genetically related fresh blood. However, these fresh blood today has basically dried up.Beijing more than 70 km long ancient city walls have all gone does not exist, Chong Yuan once stood, towering enumerate a century unharmed ancient city wall of Nanjing was demolished, and Xi’an, Luoyang, Kaifeng, Hangzhou….Now, a city in the county to see if it still stands some walls, can not do very much dismayed?Since the early days of liberation, almost all the walls of the city were destroyed as a whole is to overcome the remnants of feudalism.then.Beijing people involved in the demolition of the city demolish an old man recalls the ancient city wall scenes: at sea, fog, dim light, Beijingers flocked to the walls, with a shovel crowbar struggling to pick dismember this sadly silent queue.Each unit labor competition, we invited for the dry strength, strong people and equipment than anyone else, more than a meter long bricks demolition does not move with the staves pry with hammer…At night, desperate Allende Professor Liang Sicheng stroking the broken wall, shed hot tears. ancient city wall of Pingyao was more fortunate.Pingyao economic development slower, less urban construction, it is a modern urbanization is a beat slower than other cities.However, after the reform and opening up, Pingyao is also not far behind in 1981 in the ancient city in the its overall planning of urban construction included in the plan: two wide road will cross the city, the ancient city of the southwest corner of the building public parks.Fortunately, a professor at Tongji University in Taiyuan after being informed edgy rushed to Pingyao.He saw, plan is not approved, the ancient city of the east have been clawed a big hole in the road is widening, some houses have been demolished.Fortunately, Pingyao County finally listened to expert opinion, according to the ancient city of retention, another new plan to build a new town of the original plan have been adjusted.Today, come from all over the country flock of tourists how becoming a deep sigh as thrillers this sword stay in the city of marvel! We took a different mood to Pingyao, also, with the same frame of mind searching through the other city, but not the expression of the ancient city of Pingyao traveled a completely different feeling.Here, our attention is not just a particular deposit of the ancient city, not just the ticket number, Escort, Rishengchang Land of Wealth of legend, as well as on a national study still life and customs of the recall, and not some somewhat dare to think dare look back in history. real Pingyao is actually hidden in her external beauty, and some run-down old streets and courtyards, an ancient city wall can not substitute.Pingyao people are today open its arms to meet all directions visitors to visit to enjoy this World Heritage Site, If only the walls of this last one we can keep those genetically related wire once held and will continue to lead our national culture to the world wire strands of memory.